The word ‘Engineering’ has become a buzz word in the modern days. It is often treated as a status symbol or as a symbol of intelligence and brilliancy. Many students from all around the world build up castles of aspirations about their careers which hover around the word engineering. There are students who from their early childhood builds up a typical mind set about studying engineering. They view engineering as the only way to reach their destination of life or rather as the only way to be successful in their lives. The word engineering is also often associated with the marks of the student. For students who are able to score good marks in their 12th standard, engineering should be treated as one of the options for them to study next. But the real question lies in the fact that whether engineering really requires such attention from such a huge lot of students, their parents, their teachers and from their well wishers. In the present days studying engineering especially in a private college has become very expensive. With the passage of time it is becoming out of the reach for the middle class people. So the actual worth of this course must be judged before enrolling in it.
With the ever increasing interest in engineering from a huge mass of the population, people are discovering more and more new branches of engineering for the students to explore. At present there are about fifteen to sixteen engineering branches that is been offered by various engineering institutes all over the world. Amongst the availability of so many options, it often becomes very confusing for a student to decide which should be the proper or correct selection for him or herself. Moreover during the decision making process, students are overburdened with bunches of advices from various sources. Be it parents, friends, relatives or teachers, every one provides a suggestion for the student about which branch of engineering should be appropriate for him or her. But at the end it should always be the student who should take the final call and so a student must have enough knowledge about most of these branches of engineering before selecting any one particular branch. This knowledge will help the candidates in the selection of appropriate branch as per his or her interest and competency. Proper information about the various branches of engineering is also essential in order to understand the career opportunity in a particular discipline of engineering.
One of the most interesting branches of engineering is perhaps the production engineering. There are very few colleges which provide specialization in the production engineering. Production engineering is regarded as balancing discipline between management science and manufacturing technology. This course also overlaps with the industrial engineering. It deals with the planning and implementation of various manufacturing systems. With the advent of modern tools and techniques the designing of various machines are becoming complex and are requiring an expert’s attention. So the role of a production engineer is becoming very crucial in the age of machines. Production engineering is an application of the joint processes, toll designs, machining systems, metal castings, automation, mould designs, metrology etc. Production engineering involves a huge amount of computer knowledge. There are various high tech software which are used by the production engineers in order to perform their tasks efficiently and effectively. Subjects like Machining science, casting, CAD, CAM, process engineering etc. are taught in this course. The job profile of a production engineer can be very much diversified. The only essential thing to be a successful production engineer is the presence of analytical skills and sound technical and practical knowledge.. Among others companies like National Thermal Power Corporation, Aditya Birla, Larsen & Toubro, Sterlite Industries are some of the companies which have a huge demand for production engineers almost each year.
Textile technology is the other name for textile engineering which is the study of different measures of science and engineering methodologies. The techniques and principles of the same are then applied to the field of processing and production of various textile materials like fibers, yarns and fabrics. This discipline involves a thorough study of the chemical and the physical properties of the various kinds of textile products in order to conduct a detailed analysis of the nature and characteristics of polymer which is used in the formation of the textile fibers. Apart from engineering the textile sector it also involves the designing, shaping and selling the particular product in the market. Ever since the 18th century textile industry has been developing, keeping aside the current scenario. Hence this industry has been employing a large number of textile engineers to work for them. With the advent of new techniques this industry is flushing more than before and hence the requirement for the engineers in this particular sector is expected to enhance in the coming years.
We are here to discuss on the various branches of engineering. We can start with civil engineering. This discipline of engineering basically deals with the planning, designing and construction of the structural works like building tunnels, roads, bridges, airports, dams etc. Some of the top recruiters for civil engineering can be DMRC, Jaypee, L&T, RITES, Reliance Infra and many others. The career opportunity in this discipline is huge as the world is constantly developing and development cannot take place without construction. Every new day a new idea of building roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, airports are thought of and so civil engineering is always on high.
Civil engineering is often complimented by another branch of engineering, Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical engineering includes designing, manufacturing, installation of machines and also operations of various machines like heating and cooling systems, robotics etc. This discipline of engineering has ample scope. There are a wide variety of job profiles offered to the mechanical engineers like researcher, executive mechanical engineer etc. The major focus in this discipline is on various subjects like fluid mechanics, material science, thermodynamics etc. Like civil engineering, mechanical engineering also has a constant demand as with the passage of time all the countries over the world are becoming more and more machine dependent. Civil engineering and mechanical engineering is regarded as the oldest branches of engineering but still it is evergreen. This is due to continuous demand for these disciplines of engineering in the job market.
Electrical engineering is another popular branch of engineering which has gained attention since the recent past. Electrical engineering deals with the study of electronics, electricity, electromagnetism, signal processing, testing, developing and producing various electrical devices like generators which is used to produce distribute electricity etc. This course includes various fundamental subjects like physics and mathematics. One of the most popular subjects in this course is perhaps VLSI design. Students of electrical engineering can pursue further studies on this subject amongst various other subjects. The top recruiters in this discipline include companies like BHEL, NHPC, Siemens, Hitachi etc.
Food technology is a new branch of engineering which is earning popularity. It equips the student with various technical knowledge of the food processing system. It helps the students in learning the processes of preservation and packaging, transforming raw materials to nutritious ready to consume food. It also teaches the students the art of adding flavors to the foods and reducing toxins. With the daily increment of population, the demand for food is continuously rising. The high demand for food can only be satisfied with the help of technology and this technology is provided by the engineers who study food technology. The major subjects that are taught in this course are food hygiene and sanitation, biochemistry and biotechnology, milk products, fermented foods etc. Various companies which recruit from this discipline includes Amul, Parle Products Private Limited, Cadbury Ltd., PepsiCo, ITC Ltd., Nestle Pvt.Ltd., Dabur India Ltd., Godrej industries Ltd., Agro tech foods etc. A food engineer can expect roles of quality assurance manager, product development technologists etc.
Another branch of engineering is Automobile engineering. It is concerned about the designing of the automobiles, manufacturing new automobiles and its parts, repairing and servicing the old vehicles etc. it is basically a sub branch of the mechanical engineering. Like mechanical engineering, automobile engineering also deals with the study of motor design. With the rapid progress of technology, people are aspiring for more technically advanced vehicles which will be more stylish and more comfortable. There exists a huge demand for these technically advanced vehicles and this demand is taken care of by the automobile engineers. They implement various modern techniques and come up with innovative ideas in order to satisfy the demand of the customers. The major recruiters of this discipline include all the major automobile companies like Hyundai, Toyota, TATA motors, Maruti Suzuki, Ashok Leyland etc.
There is another discipline in engineering – Architecture engineering. This course deals with the study of buildings and structures. This is a highly competitive and challenging course which involves wide variety of tasks ranging from spatial design to material management. An architectural engineer can have a career in building renovation, system design, safety management etc. The core subjects that are taught in this course include physics, statistics, computer aided drafting, architectural design, architectural graphics, elementary structures, architectural detailing, estimating, material testing, construction methods and materials etc. This branch of engineering has a wide scope as it allows the students to opt for various posts like consultant, building inspector, technical architect, drafters, construction project manager, researcher etc. The recruiters of this discipline is mainly the real estate companies, architect consultants etc.
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering which has always gained popularity amongst the students who has a strong affinity for experimenting various chemicals. Various subjects are taught to the students are studying this course like organic and inorganic chemistry, thermodynamics, bio chemical engineering, fluid particle mechanics, various chemical processes etc. Engineers in this field are employed in various private and public companies which belong to the chemical industry. In the recent past when engineering colleges were emanating from various nook and corner of a nation, the colleges were focused on setting up infrastructure only for a few branches of engineering like computer science, electrical engineering, electrical engineering etc. Branches like chemical engineering were paid the least attention. As a result students who wished to study this branch of engineering could not opt for it as there were very less seats offered by a very less number of colleges. However later on the trend has proved that people are also focused in this discipline of engineering and so now-a-days many colleges are offering chemical engineering as a branch of engineering to study.
Agricultural engineering is one of such engineering domain that attaches technology and engineering science with the field of agriculture. It is a combination of plant biology, animal biology, mechanical, civil, chemical and electrical with the vast field of agriculture. The technology applies to the designing of agricultural machinery, structures and other necessary equipment. It studies the internal combustion engines as would be applicable to the agricultural machinery. It teaches as how to effectively and efficiently utilize the agricultural resources like the land, water, seeds, pesticides, machines etc. It can measure the quality, texture and benefit of a particular land and can judge the pattern of crop that can be grown there. The advanced and technical utilization of irrigation is thought by agriculture engineering. As we all know that the conservation of scarce resources like irrigable water and land is essential. Hence, the farmer should know as how to produce more from less. All these techniques are provided by an agriculture engineer to the farmers or any other person concerned with the same. An agriculture engineer assists the farmers in planning, organizing, managing and supervising the building of dairy effluent schemes, drainage, flood, irrigation and other water control systems. They conduct various assessment of the environment, agricultural products, and thus interpret the result and provide the required adjustments. Usually the agricultural engineers do work in sales, production, applied science and management research and development.
Information technology is the process of applying telecommunication and computer equipments to various place of work or study like offices, store or retrieve to transfer or manipulate data. The term information technology is used to as a synonym for the computer networks or for computers itself. However, apart from these two it also covers technologies like telephones and televisions. The industries which specifically use information technology are computer software, hardware, semi conductors, electronics, e – commerce, telecom equipment and other computer related services. Apart from the general definition, in a normal business parlance IT has been described as the study, development, implementation, design, technology, application, management and support to the computer based information system. In India the industry of Information technology is segregated into two parts viz., business process outsourcing ( BPO ) and IT services. This particular sector has contributed a lot in the development of the country’s GDP. The major or the top 5 Indian IT service providers are Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant, Infosys, HCL Technologies and Wipro. The major IT related work in the country is done in the cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Trivandrum, Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Pune. The leading cite out of this bunch is Bangalore as it is the leading IT exporter and hence it is called as the ‘ Silicon Valley of India’.
Nanotechnology is the study of molecules, super molecules and atoms. It deals with the manipulation of the matters related with the same. It works by manipulating the atoms and molecules of various products in order to bring out something new out the old or to modify the old product. The quantity of mechanical effect can be stated as 1 to 100 nanometers. Nanotechnology is defined by size, tough small but it is applied to various huge fields of science like organic chemistry, surface science, molecular biology, micro fabrication and semi – conductor physics. Apart from these, in or daily life the various field of application of nanotechnology are in medicine, biomaterials, electronics and energy production. It is sometimes termed as termed as the general purpose technology as in its improved form it will be having an influential impact on almost all industries and all the areas of society. It is expected to provide a better build, cleaner, long lasting, safer and smarter looking product for medicine, agriculture, transportation, home usage, industry and other communication purposes.
Mining Engineering is the technology, science, practice and the application of the extracting and processing techniques to the process of extraction from the nature. After the extraction is done further processing of the extracted product is done so as to make the same more ready for utilization. Every year quite a number of people studies mining engineering get involved with the extraction process. The process involves a parallel work with the geologists. The mining engineers work with the geologists in order to detect the mineral reserves. Then they are required to measure the profitability in conducting the mining process. Further they have to work with great efficiency and care as the process effects the place itself and the surroundings adversely. However, keeping in mind the requirement and the necessities of the modern world it is still practiced but with added precautions. Hence, the extraction process is usually carried on in remote places, somewhat far away from human surroundings. Various sort of metal and non metals are extracted from the sources. For instance a mining engineer and a geologist may search for resources having deposits of ores like chalcopyrite for copper or galena for lead. Similarly, they might also search for non – metals like coal, phosphate or quartz. Various mining industries have been developed, both private and public which employs mining engineers for their study.
Biotechnology is the utilization of organisms and living systems in order to produce or modify useful products for specific use. Many technological applications have been found to use the biological systems in order to bring useful and effective goods for the society. The domain of Biotechnology is broadly divided into two categories, which are bio – engineering and bio – medical engineering. The technologies of bio engineering is used in fields of agriculture, medicines, food production, etc. over the years it has been used to process micro organisms for the production of healthy food items like bread, cheese and also to preserve various dairy products. The contribution of a bio – engineer for the society is immense, as it involves healthy and nutritional food production. Moreover, over the years the development of medicines can to a large extent be contributed to bio technology. In modern days it works to invent medicines to cure rare and deadly diseases. In today’s world there are near about 250 bio technology vaccines and products available in the market, which has proved very much useful for curing many deadly diseases. Hence, it would not be wrong to say that biotechnology helps us to gain a healthy and safer society.
Aeronautical Engineering or flight technology is a branch of engineering which deals in with the design, development, construction and testing of the spacecraft and aircraft. This domain of engineering has also been known as rocket science. It can be broadly be segregated into two parts, i.e., astronautical and aeronautical engineering. The astronautics is concerned with the study of spacecrafts that are operated outside the Earth’s atmosphere and the aeronautics deals with aircrafts that are being operated within the earth’s atmosphere. This form of engineering deals with the study of science for the development of flying crafts, rockets, and space crafts. It also deals with properties like airfoils, lift, control surface and drag. More precisely we can say that the flight vehicles requires so designed so as to endure extreme temperatures and atmospheric pressures. Similarly they are the result of technologies like avionics, propulsion, aerodynamics, structural analysis and material science. Together these two technologies are termed as aerospace engineering. Due to its huge disciplines this particular field is supervised by more than one or two engineers. Hence, its demand has always been there in the market and it is one of the favorites of the students.
Hence we have come across various fields of engineering. All these provide a great opportunity for the students to pursue their career. All of these have attained immense achievements been successful in their respective field in establishing a stand for themselves in the heart of the society. Now the students are hoped to choose the appropriate field of study in order to track their career on the right path.